EDUCATION VIA ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES

Final Report, MIT Committee on EVAT


Glossary

New developments always seem to be accompanied by lots of specialized terms and acronyms. The Web is no exception:
Active link
Hyperlink
Broken link
A hyperlink which does not work, for example because the target file is missing, has been moved, or has no public read permission
Browser
Software program run by users on their own computers, to retrieve and display Web pages. The best known are Mosaic (available in X, Macintosh, and Windows versions), MacWeb, WinWeb, and NetScape
CD-ROM
Compact Disk - Read Only Memory, a disk in the format of an audio CD, but with data
Client
Local program that works for a user and accesses servers. In the context of the Web, most clients are interactive graphical browsers
EVAT
Education Via Advanced Technologies, the name the committee selected for itself
FTP
File Transfer Protocol, a standard, and a program based on that standard, for copying files from one computer to another. Most Web browsers incorporate file transfer using FTP without requiring the user to run a separate FTP program
GIF
Graphics Interchange Format, a compact format suitable for small images including color
Helper
Local program that is called by a Web browser to display information in a medium other than text or simple images. Typical helpers are useful for audio, video (with or without sound), high-quality images, and high-quality forms
HTML
HyperText Markup Language, a notation in which formatting instructions are interspersed in the text. This is the particular language interpreted by the Web browsers
HTTP
HyperText Transport Protocol, the Internet protocol used to transfer Web documents
Hyperlink
Reference to a page on the Web, or perhaps a particular location in a page. Clicking on the link makes the page pointed to appear on the screen
Hypermedia
Two or more media (text, graphics, audio, video, etc.) with imbedded hyperlinks
Image
Nontext graphical item displayed by browsers
Inline image
Image, typically in GIF format, placed in a line of text
Internet
Network consisting of many smaller networks interconnected, with a global reach. This is the network that supports the World Wide Web
JPEG
Joint Photographic Experts Group file format for high-quality images often used on the Web
Link
Hyperlink
MPEG
Moving Pictures Expert Group standard for video compression often used on the Web
Page
Unit of information consisting of one Web file and its contained inline images
Server
Software program run on networked minicomputers or workstations, that delivers pages to browsers on request
SIPB
Student Information Processing Board, an MIT student-run activity that administers computer resources supplied by MIT, including Web publishing space, on behalf of students and student activities
Surf
Colloquial, navigate from page to page on the Web
UNIX
Common workstation operating system
URL
Uniform Resource Locator, a notation for the location of various kinds of resources on the Internet, including Web pages
Viewer
Helper application
Web
World Wide Web
WWW
World Wide Web
WYSIWYG
What You See Is What You Get, a phrase describing editors that display the text being edited in formatted form

This page revised July 5, 1995. Your comments about this report are welcome.
To the Table of Contents. Copyright (c) 1995 Massachusetts Institute of Technology